The anesthesia machine is a team able to introduce in patients anesthetic drugs that cause sedation and allows control of their respiratory function. These equipment allow monitoring of temperature, EEG, neuromuscular transmission, monitoring of different changes in breathing and controlling depth, among others.
It should be noted that the anesthesiologists are responsible for handling such equipment; entities authorized to administer drugs through different routes in the human body, to bring it to a state where surgery can be performed. Therefore, they are determined by a delicate balance between observation and supervision of body functions, and in turn react quickly to a life-threatening situation, which if not recognized in time, diagnosed correctly and treated accordingly, could throw irreversible reactions in patients.
Control Systems of the Anesthetic Machine
According to the degree of modernity of the anesthesia machines, they are represented as follows:
- High Pressure System: focused on 3 important factors, a backup gas source, safety devices and a clinical gas source.
- Low Pressure System: It is associated with 4 factors, an anti-reflux valve, flow control valves, vaporizers and a rapid flow valve.
- Circular System: It consists of 7 different factors, a soda lime receptacle, a Y connector, expiratory and inspiratory co-aruguated tubes, unidirectional valves, an APL overpressure valve, a bag, a respirator and a gas inlet.
Interest and Expected Benefits through the Use of Anesthesia Machines
The anesthesia machine is responsible for providing a drug, observing its effect, seeing the drug–patient exchange and adapting the pharmacological requirements to the characteristics of the patient and the properties of the administered drug. Although at a higher level of supervision, its effect is strictly controlled, depending on the dose they could be even lethal, so appropriate supportive measures are adopted. The anesthetic–surgical environment is extremely dynamic and can change circumstances very quickly.
Therefore, overall the expected benefits are:
- Certify the accuracy in the dose of the anesthetic agent to adjust the requirements of patients and avoid problems arising from the different levels of surgical stimulation.
- To optimize the efficiency of care and performance of operating theaters by increasing the safety in the administration of anesthetic drugs in surgical interventions avoiding the under or overdose.
The function and correct control of the anesthesia machines determines the appropriate infusion rate to reach the level of concentration of the desired drug in the patient. In reality, the anesthesiologist often adjusts the target chosen according to the patient’s needs, the progress of surgery, and other factors, such as the degree of neuromuscular blockade or the need for analgesics.
Monitoring through the use of the Anesthetic Machine
Monitoring the patient involves recognizing not only the variables that demand attention from the anesthetic point of view, but also explaining the data provided by the system and deciding when they are far from the accepted limits as normal, in order to make an appropriate decision that allows to cancel out the negative effects for the patient and evaluate the effectiveness of the action taken. Technological advances have provided the anesthesiologist’s surveillance work, becoming an adjuvant of his clinical judgment.
Therefore, basic, non-invasive monitoring in anesthesia examines the main parameters in vital systems that may be damaged by lack of oxygen or blood circulation (heart, brain, kidneys), ECG (electrocardiogram), SpO2 (pulse oximetry), PANI (non-invasive blood pressure), and Temperature.
In addition, extended monitoring records invasive blood pressure, neuromuscular relaxation, central venous pressure, intracranial pressure.
For some, this contrast between the steady state of anesthesia with stable body functions and rapidly occurring emergencies represents the challenge and fascination of this specialty. For others, it is a constant source of tension. It is not surprising that anesthesia is one of the specialties with the greatest number of parameters to be monitored constantly, and if necessary, corrected.
Anesthesia machines in Spain
We at Kalstein offer you the anesthesia machine that will facilitate the role of the doctor in charge and can start with a routine application according to the patient’s needs. The anesthetic machine, can be upgraded to better meet the anesthetic requirements of customers. The expansion of the modern anesthesia workstation is also feasible to greatly improve the workflow and reduce operating costs. In addition, it offers the electronic PEEP function. It provides a high-precision output of only 20 ml. It uses latex-free, self-nailing components. It can be easily maintained and cleaned without specialized tools. It is CE certified, giving users peace of mind.
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