Centrifuge is essential equipment throughout the laboratory. This equipment generates rotation movements, with the aim of separating the components that constitute a solution. This instrument applies a sustained centrifugal force to force the matter out of the rotation center. The basic components of a centrifuge are rotor, engine, vacuum chamber, and speed, time, and temperature control.
Centrifugation is a technique governed by Stokes' law, which proposes that particles sediment more easily the larger they are in their diameter and specific weight, and the lower their viscosity. Centrifugation is used to isolate or concentrate suspended particles in a liquid by exploiting the different speed of movement according to their shape, size or weight when subjected to a centrifugal force. Centrifugal force is the force exerted on a body as it rotates around an axis.