Phototherapy is an advanced technique to reduce bilirubin levels in the blood in newborns and premature newborns, involving exposure of a newborn to intense blue fluorescent lights to stimulate the conversion of bilirubin pigments into more easily eliminable forms of the body.
This can help prevent neonatal complications such as severe jaundice, brain damage and anemia; jaundice is a common disease affecting the skin tissue and the whites of the eyes of newborns, caused mainly by an excess of bilirubin in the blood.
Recommendations for the treatment of neonatal infants based on phototherapy
Bilirubin is a yellow pigment produced by increased levels of blood pigments called hemoglobins that break down in the liver, excess bilirubin in the blood can occur if the newborn has some of the neonatal anemias, such as chronic hemolytic anemia.
Phototherapy is a safe and effective therapeutic way to treat jaundice in newborns; the treatment uses bright blue fluorescent lights to stimulate the conversion of bilirubin pigments into more easily eliminable end products.
These end products are then routed through urine, goods, feces, and water vapor, which lowers bilirubin levels in the blood.
Side effects arise when performing a process of phototherapy in neonates
Side effects of treatment are minimal and are inexplicably lower the temperature of the newborn, particularly in premature infants and exposure to sunburn if there is no adequate thermal support.
In some rare cases, the newborn may experience temporary blindness, which requires a rapid increase in exposure limits, clinical investigations have shown that phototherapy is highly effective in the treatment of neonatal jaundice.
Duration and effect of phototherapies for bilirubin
Recent studies have shown that phototherapy treatment can reduce bilirubin intake by up to 90 percent in the first 10 to 12 days after birth.
These significant decreases can help prevent serious complications such as brain damage, blindness and anemia, phototherapy treatment is also one of the best solutions to prevent liver damage that can be caused by excess bilirubin.
The logic behind treatment is that ultraviolet light stimulates production of the enzyme that prevents liver damage caused by bilirubin.
Benefits for newborns in applying phototherapy treatment to reduce bilirubin in blood intake
In addition, it is thought that phototherapy may also help with reducing middle ear infection; that is why phototherapy is a safe and effective treatment for lowering bilirubin levels in the blood of newborns affected by jaundice.
This form of treatment has been shown to be highly effective in reducing bilirubin levels by up to 90 percent. There are also other treatment benefits such as preventing liver damage, reducing the risk of middle ear infection, and preventing anemia.
Equipment that Kalstein offers you for a phototherapy treatment
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